The proudest: Castle of Ilbarritz, in Bidart
From the top of its cliff, it lords over Atlantic Ocean. Built at the end of the 19th century, the Castle of Ilbarritz was born from the crazy command of Baron Albert de l'Espée. Originally, the estate had many outbuildings: seven outdoor kitchens, two kennels and a small fortified castle. Subsequently, the castle became a military hospital, passing through the hands of several owners before being classified in 1990 among the inventory of historical monuments. You can't visit the interiors, but one never gets tired of admiring its haughty domain en route to the beach or on the golf course. The current owner plans to transform it into a hotel.
The most enchanting: the Castle of Abbadia, in Hendaye
Once upon a time in Abbadia...
A majestic domain overlooking the ocean in Hendaye, this château houses the elegant castle-observatory of the same name, built between 1864 and 1884 by Viollet-Le-Duc for Antoine d'Abbadie, ethnologist and geographer. Built in a Gothic Revival style, it stands proudly on the cliffs, stormed by Atlantic waves. One can admire it during a walk along the Coastal Trail and even get the chance to visit it. The interiors are very colorful and the library is fascinating.
The most medieval: the Castle of Mauléon
Erected in the twelfth century on a hill of the Soule, Mauléon Castle enjoyed a strategic location, close to Béarn, Navarre and Spain. Visiting takes you to the top of the walls, which offer a magnificent view of Mauléon village and the Pyrenean peaks.
The most defensive: the fort of Socoa
Its not quite a castle, but this defensive fort in the bay of Saint-Jean-de-Luz deserves a mention. Its construction began in 1627 under King Louis XIII, to protect the port of Socoa and the bay of Saint-Jean-de-Luz from Spanish invaders. The citadel subsequently underwent modifications, notably by the famous architect Vauban. The charmingly decayed structure is now very much appreciated by passersby. On days when the tide swells, the waves literally explode against the dike, offering a majestic spectacle.
The most dizzying: the Castle of Gramont, in Bidache
Classified as historic monument, this is a castle that takes us through six centuries of history. Erected on a rocky spur by the Gramont family, it offers stunning views of the Bidouze valley and the Pyrenean peaks. For this, you have to climb the top of the 15th century dungeon. In summer, the castle takes us back to the past during a costumed show.
The most woodsy: the Castle of Urtubie, in Urrugne
Located three kilometres (nearly two miles) from Saint-Jean-de-Luz, the elegant Urtubie Castle was built in 1341 and expanded in the 16th and 18th centuries. The refined interiors are open to visitors. The splendid six hectare park includes an elegant 18th century orange garden, two beautiful magnolias, apple trees, a rose garden and a botanical garden.
The most iconic: the Villa Belza, in Biarritz
With its dungeon, this elegant villa sinks its feet in water, taking on the appearance of a miniature castle. Built in 1882, it is one of the icons of the city of Biarritz and the famous surf spot of the Basque Coast. The villa is very photogenic, especially at sunset!
Getting to Basque Country