17th, 18th and 19th centuries
Jules Ferry (1832 – 1893)
Born in Saint-Dié, Jules Ferry, lawyer and politician, great figure of the Republic, was also heavily criticised in his day. Appointed Mayor of Paris ... after the fall of Napoleon III, he became unpopular due to the food restrictions he imposed on the people of Paris, who were under siege from the Prussian Army, and he ended up fleeing the capital.
Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665)
The work of Nicolas Poussin marked the birth of classicism in 17th century French painting. It was in the country, the synthesis of nature and ... history, that he reached the peak of his art.
A French painter and leader of Neo-Classicism in France, Jacques Louis David was the great proponent of a return to ancient art. Already famous under ... the Ancien Regime, during the Revolution he became the Raphaël of the sans-culottes", as his paintings became decidedly political.
Napoléon 1er (1769 – 1821)
First Consul and subsequently Emperor of the French, Napoleon Bonaparte was a leading figure in Western history. He left behind a number of ... long-lasting institutions: the Napoleonic Code, the State Council, the prefectural system, the judicial system, financial administration, the centralised University of France and military academies.
Napoleon III (1808 – 1871)
After the death of the Duke of Reichstadt, son and heir of Napoleon I, in 1832, his nephew Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, an artillery officer, attempted ... to topple the July Monarchy in Strasbourg (1830) and then Boulogne (1840). Imprisoned in perpetuity in Ham fortress, he escaped (1846).