- Île-de-France (26)
- Champagne-Ardenne (4)
- Burgundy (3)
- Franche-comté (2)
- Picardy (2)
- Provence-Alps-the French Riviera (2)
- Aquitaine (1)
- Auvergne (1)
- Centre (1)
- Corsica (1)
- Languedoc-Roussillon (1)
- Lorraine (1)
- Nord-Pas-de-Calais (1)
- Pays de la Loire (1)
- Poitou-Charentes (1)
- Rhone-Alpes (1)
- Upper Normandy (1)
The world's first ever photograph was taken in Burgundy, France. Portrait of ...this genius inventor, Nicéphore Niépce, whose accomplishments went unrecognised during his lifetime.
Minister of Finances under Louis XIV, Colbert is still renowned for his economic ...policy. According to “Colbertism”, the power of a country is proportional to its reserves of precious metals, and is reliant upon the protection of the domestic market and the development of exports.
Louis XVIII (1755 - 1824)
Born at Versailles, Louis-Stanislas-Xavier, Count of Provence, brother of Louis ...XVI and the Count of Artois (the future Charles X), managed to cross the Belgian border in June 1791, whilst Louis XVI was arrested at Varennes. Assuming the role of Regent, he made great efforts to rally the monarchs of Europe against a revolutionary France.
Napoleon III (1808 – 1871)
After the death of the Duke of Reichstadt, son and heir of Napoleon I, in 1832, ...his nephew Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, an artillery officer, attempted to topple the July Monarchy in Strasbourg (1830) and then Boulogne (1840). Imprisoned in perpetuity in Ham fortress, he escaped (1846).
Louis-Philippe I (1773 - 1850)
Louis-Philippe, the cousin of Louis XVI, but also the eldest son of the Duke of ...Orléans (later known as Philippe Égalité) who voted for the death of the King, embraced revolutionary ideas like his father and was a member of the Jacobin Club. He fought in the armies of the Republic at Valmy and Jemmapes in 1792, but went over to the ranks of the Austrians (April 1793).
Charles X (1757 - 1836)
Charles Philippe, the Count of Artois and young brother of Louis XVI and Louis ...XVIII, who became an émigré on the 17th of July 1789, sought to play a leading role in the Counter-Revolution, at the risk of sometimes clashing with the sensitivities of his older brother, the Count of Provence. In 1814, after the abdication of Napoléon, he entered Paris.
Talleyrand (1754 –1838)
Because Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, of high noble birth, had a club ...foot, his parents guided him towards a career in the Church. Bishop of Autun, elected member of the States General of 1789, he saw through the nationalisation of Church assets and the Civil Constitution of the Clergy.
La Rochefoucauld (1613-1680)
Everything that François Duke de la Rochefoucauld, Prince of Marcillac wrote ...dates from the second part of his life and draws lessons from the first. A man of intrigue and the Court, a figure from the old nobility who considered himself deprived of his most ancient rights, it was outside of histiography that de La Rochefoucauld wrote his Memoirs; they were published in 1662 and covered the years 1629 to 1652: from his entry to the Court at sixteen to the end of the Fronde.
François Mansart (1598-1666)
The founder of a dynasty of architects, François Mansart, who was working at ...the end of the reign of Louis XIII and briefly during that of Louis XIV gave new meaning to Classical architecture.
The strong personality of Léon Gambetta dominated the beginnings of the 3rd ...Republic, of which he was the symbol and one of the main founders.
The hatred provoked by Marat, the prime spokesman of the sans-culottes movement ...which advocated the Reign of Terror and fought tirelessly with the Girondists, ended with his assassination by Charlotte Corday.
A French painter and leader of Neo-Classicism in France, Jacques Louis David was ...the great proponent of a return to ancient art. Already famous under the Ancien Regime, during the Revolution he became the Raphaël of the sans-culottes", as his paintings became decidedly political.