- Île-de-France (35)
- Centre (17)
- Champagne-Ardenne (16)
- Poitou-Charentes (4)
- Aquitaine (3)
- Burgundy (3)
- Languedoc-Roussillon (3)
- Lower Normandy (3)
- Provence-Alps-the French Riviera (3)
- Upper Normandy (3)
- Auvergne (2)
- Lorraine (2)
- Midi-Pyrenees (2)
- Pays de la Loire (2)
- Picardy (2)
- Brittany (1)
- Limousin (1)
- Nord-Pas-de-Calais (1)
- Rhone-Alpes (1)
Henri IV (1553-1610)
The first king of the Bourbon Dynasty and one of the most popular kings of ...France, Henry IV of France took the decision to abjure Protestantism. He was crowned in Chartres (25th February 1594) and signed the Edict of Nantes (13th April 1598) which led to the end of the Wars of Religion. Peace had finally come to unified France.
Louis VIII the Lion (1187 – 1226)
The husband of Blanche of Castile, Louis VIII the Lion took Poitou, Aunis, ...Saintonge, Angoumois, Limousin, Périgord and part of Gascony from the English, before conquering Avignon during the crusade against the Albigensians.
Charles VIII (1470-1498)
King Charles VIII of France was behind the Italian Wars between France and the ...Habsburgs. After conquering the Kingdom of Naples, he was forced to abandon his conquests due to pressure from the league formed by Venice, Milan, Maximilian of Austria, Ferdinand VII of Aragon and Pope Alexander VI.
Charles II the Bald (823-877)
The Treaty of Verdun, signed in 843 between Charles the Bald, Lothair I and ...Louis the German – Charlemagne’s three grandsons - resulted in three kingdoms. Charles the Bald became the first King of France.
Louis XI (1423 – 1483)
French monarch Louis XI made a triumphal ascension to the throne, affirming ...“Je suis France” (I am France). He went on to expand and effectively unify the Kingdom of France. With the Treaty of Picquigny (1475), the English were forced to give up the French throne.
Clovis (approx. 465 – 511)
King of the Franks, Clovis was the founder of the Merovingian dynasty. After his ...victory over the Alemanni at Tolbiac, he became a Christian. This in turn led to the establishment of the first Christian kingdom, led by the Franks.
Clement V (1260-1314)
Elected in Pérouse under the influence of Philip the Fair, the French pope, ...Clement V, moved the Curia from Rome. It was the first Avignon Papacy. Elevated to the status of “the new Rome”, the city adorned itself with prestigious Gothic buildings, including the Palais des Papes.
Charles IV the Fair (1294-1328)
The last of the direct Capetians since 987, Charles IV, third son of Philip the ...Fair, succeeded his brother, Philip V, to the throne on 2 January 1322. After having accomplished a major work in matters of finance and justice, and dying without a leaving behind a male heir, the Crown passed to the Valois Capetians.
Étienne Marcel (1316-1358)
Provost of the Parisian merchants and delegate of the Third Estate during the ...Estates General of 1356-1357, Etienne Marcel led the people to revolt and became a leading figure in the Parisian uprising, before being abandoned by the bourgeois and assassinated by Jean Maillart.
Jean II the Good (1319-1364)
A brave knight, nicknamed “the Good”, after his liberation from London ...thanks to the Treaty of Brétigny, when John II learned that his son Louis of Anjou had escaped, effectively renouncing his role as a replacement hostage, John the Good, being an honourable man, returned to London to surrender himself. He died there.