All historical periods
Henri IV (1553-1610)
The first king of the Bourbon Dynasty and one of the most popular kings of ...France, Henry IV of France took the decision to abjure Protestantism. He was crowned in Chartres (25th February 1594) and signed the Edict of Nantes (13th April 1598) which led to the end of the Wars of Religion. Peace had finally come to unified France.
Philippe VI de Valois (1293-1349)
The three sons of Philip the Fair not having produced a male descendant, Edward ...III of England, the grandchild through his mother Joan II of Navarre of Philip the Fair, was dismissed for the son of Philip the Fair’s brother, Philip VI of Valois, crowned king on 29 May, 1328.
Francis 1st (1494-1547)
In 1515, Francis 1st, head of the Valois-Angoulême branch, succeeded his cousin ...Louis XII, whose daughter, Claude de France, he had married, for a thirty-two year reign. It started with the wars with Italy, the victory of Marignano and the transfer of the Quattrocento to France.
Charles VII the Victorious (1403-1461)
Charles VII, son of Charles VI the Mad and Isabeau of Bavaria, dauphin in 1417 ...upon the death of his older brothers, chased out of Paris by the Burgundian domination in 1418, then disinherited in favour of the King of England Henri V by the Treaty of Troyes in 1420, nevertheless took the title of King upon the death of Charles VI (21st of October 1422). But he was not recognised as the "legal" king until his coronation.
Catherine de Médicis (1519-1589)
The wife and widow of King Henry II of France, during the reigns of her sons ...Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, Catherine de’Medici tried her best to bring peace to the kingdom, which had been ravaged by Wars of Religion. A patron of the arts, she instigated the construction of the Tuileries palace.
Louis XI (1423 – 1483)
French monarch Louis XI made a triumphal ascension to the throne, affirming ...“Je suis France” (I am France). He went on to expand and effectively unify the Kingdom of France. With the Treaty of Picquigny (1475), the English were forced to give up the French throne.